Anti-nuclear Movement in Estonia
Nuclear Policy in Estonia
From 1940 to 1991 Estonia was a part of the Soviet Union and its nuclear policy was set by the Soviet government.
During this era Estonia played an important role in both civilian and military nuclear programs by having such facilities as the Uranium Enrichment Factory (Kombinat 7) in Sillamäe and the Soviet Nuclear Submarine Training Center in Paldiski.
Radioactive Waste Repositories
Due to uranium mining and enrichment and two nuclear reactors on its territory Estonia needed places where to store the waste. Waste from Kombinat 7 is stored in Sillamäe Radioactive Tailings Depository. Waste from Paldiski facility is stored in Paldiski interim disposal site, which was established in 1997.
Tammiku, also known as Saku
Estonia has no nuclear power plants but it considering to build one by 2023. It is a part of the National Development Plan of the Energy Sector until 2020, which was approved by the Estonian Parliament on June 15, 2009. Also the country is interested in the Visaginas NPP (LT) project.
Currently Estonia gets most of its energy from domestic oil share reserves. However, due to the resulting CO2 emissions the country is planning to significantly reduce its use of oil shale. Estonia is relatively one of the world's biggest producers of CO2, with per capita emissions of 14 tonnes per year. In her statement at the 55th General Conference of the IAEA Ms. Eve-Külli Kala, Ambassador, Resident Representative to the International Atomic Energy Agency says that nuclear power is viewed as a possible source for emission-free energy.
According to the development plans, in 15 years the proportion of oil shale should remain below 30% and more different sources of energy should be used as compared to the current situation.
Regarding Estonia's plans to build an own nuclear power plant, there are 6 places in the country that are claimed to be suitable for such a purpose. Media has mainly focussed on the Pakri Islands. The state-owned energy company Eesti Energia, too, has conducted studies there. The islands are located in the Finnish Gulf and administratively they belong to the town of Paldiski. Nuclear Disaster in Japan caused changes in the public opinion on nuclear power. Estonian economy and coruscations minister Juhan Parts said that the Estonian government will have to take it into account. However, nuclear power is still viewed as one of solutions. "Nuclear energy is one of the alternatives but there must be clear understanding of the public of that here," said Kalev Kallemets, CEO of Non profit organisation Estonian Nuclear Power Plant.
In the Visaginas NPP project Estonia is presumed to be one of the shareholders, with a share of 22 %.
On their website Eesti Energia says that Wider use of renewable energy sources instead of nuclear power is not considered because "as far as exploitation of renewable energy is relatively expensive for the end consumer, it wouldn't be rational to use it for covering the base load needs of the country.".
Organizations/institutions connected to nuclear issues
- Ministry of the Environment: http://www.envir.ee/67244
- Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications: http://www.mkm.ee/eng
- Estonian Radiation Protection Centre (ERPC): http://www.kiirguskeskus.ee/eng/
- Kiirgusosakond, Kopli 76, 10416 Tallinn, Estonia, Phone: + 372 664 4900, Fax: + 372 664 4901, infokiirguskeskus AT ee 
- Nuclear Power Estonia: http://www.tuumaenergia.ee/ Estonian
- tuumaenergia AT gmail.com 
- Estonian Nuclear Powerplant Association: http://www.tuumajaam.ee/
- MTÜ Eesti Tuumajaam, Punane 42-315, Tallinn 13619, info AT tuumajaam.ee 
- Sillamäe Municipality: https://sillamae.kovtp.ee/et/uldinfo
- Estonian Government confirmed its plan to establish a nuclear power plant by 2023 (Feb 26, 2009)
- Nuclear power and Estonian energy independence (Feb 1, 2010)
- Japanese events affect attitude towards nuclear power plants in Estonia (March 15, 2011)
- Eesti Energia: participation in Lithuanian nuclear power plant will become clear by Midsummer's (Jan 30, 2012)
- Nuclear decision awaits profitability report (May 16, 2012)
- http://www.nationmaster.com/country/en-estonia/mil-military as of April 26, 2013
- http://www.mkm.ee/326447/ as of September 27, 2012
- http://ehron.jrc.ec.europa.eu/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=72&Itemid=94 as of September 27, 2012
- http://www.iaea.org/About/Policy/GC/GC55/Statements/estonia.pdf as of September 27, 2012
- http://www.mkm.ee/power-engineering-development-plans-were-approved-by-the-government/ as of September 27, 2012
- http://www.baltic-course.com/eng/energy/?doc=38478 as of September 27, 2012
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakri_Islands as of September 27, 2012
- http://www.baltic-course.com/eng/energy/?doc=38478as of September 27, 2012
- https://www.energia.ee/en/tuumaenergia as of September 27, 2012
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